“The U. S. Congress responded with the National Highway Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act and the Highway Safety Act of 1966. making a new federal plan to turn to motor vehicle safety” ( Waller. parity. 5 ) . This act allows the federal authorities to implement Torahs sing motor vehicle safety. This act created the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ( NHTSA ) . William Haddon. public wellness doctor. was the first manager of the NHTSA.
He was the first to put safety criterion for motor vehicles and the first to administrate plans for driver’s licensing. impaired driving from intoxicant. bike safety and etc. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards are applied to new motor vehicle. “Legislation enacted in 1966 requires the federal authorities to set up safety criterions for new motor vehicles sold in the United States. whether of domestic or foreign manufacture” ( Waller. parity. 16 ) . These criterions have prevented people from acquiring earnestly injured during a motor vehicle accident. FMVSS. including softer instrument panels. caput restraints. energy absorbing maneuvering columns. and high penetration-resistant windscreens. have saved 1000s of lives and prevented 10s of 1000s of injuries” ( Waller. parity. 17 ) . FMVSS besides requires safety belts and child safety seats meet certain safety criterions. State Laws Every province is required by jurisprudence to follow the federal government’s criterions. Most provinces have extra safety criterions and plans sing motor vehicle safety.
The province of Maryland follows federal motor vehicle safety criterions. every bit good as. their ain safety criterions. As of last twelvemonth. Maryland set a new criterion of no texting and speaking on cell phones while driving. even at ruddy visible radiations. “Texting and speaking on a cell phone while driving is illegal in Maryland ; it is non safe for anyone and it can be particularly unsafe for teens” ( Young. parity. 1 ) . Texting and speaking on cell phones while driving can go a immense distraction for drivers and has caused a batch of accidents.
Maryland besides has criterions for unattended kids in a motor vehicle. Every kid that is unattended in a motor vehicle. particularly during utmost hot and cold conditions. can acquire earnestly injured which is why it is illegal. Legislative Laws These Torahs. federal and province. autumn under legislative Torahs. Legislative Torahs are foremost called measures that are enacted by Congress. General Assembly and the President. For federal Torahs. the measure has to be passed through the U. S Congress and so signed by the President.
Fore province Torahs. the measure has to be passed through the General Assembly and so signed by the State’s Governor. The U. S Congress can blackball the President’s determination if the bulk of Congress agrees. The same thing goes to the General Assembly. If the General Assembly disagrees with the Governor’s determination so the bulk of the General Assembly can blackball his determinations. For Motor Vehicle Safety. each province has to follow federal Torahs but they can go through their ain Torahs to forestall motor vehicle hurts. State Torahs can non belie with federal Torahs.
Most motor vehicle accidents occur from impairment driving from intoxicant. foolhardiness and inexperient. Public wellness is forestalling people from hurts and diseases. With the aid of these Torahs. there will be fewer motor vehicle accidents which will do fewer hurts and deceases. “The decrease of the rate of decease attributable to motor-vehicle clangs in the United States represents the successful public wellness response to a great technologic progress of the twentieth century” ( Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. parity. 1 ) .
Every criterion that is regulated is at that place to forestall motor vehicle accidents from happening. “In 1966. transition of the Highway Safety Act and the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act authorized the federal authorities to put and modulate criterions for motor vehicles and main roads. a mechanism necessary for effectual prevention” ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. parity. 3 ) . Every new vehicle is designed to protect people from serious hurts when involved in an accident.
Associating to Public Health Every twelvemonth. the sum of motor vehicle deceases has decreased. Decreases in motor vehicle hurt and decease represent a major public wellness success” ( Waller. parity. 1 ) . Motor vehicle accidents are still one of the largest causes of deceases in the United States. “Traffic clangs are identified as the 9th prima cause of decease worldwide. and it is estimated that by the twelvemonth 2020 traffic clangs will be the 3rd largest cause of decease and disablement in the world” ( Waller. parity. 3 ) . With puting more safety criterions. motor vehicle accidents can diminish if everyone follows these criterions.
Preventing hurts from motor vehicle accidents will salvage many lives. “The record of motor vehicle hurt bar however represents a major success in public wellness in the United States” ( Waller. parity. 4 ) . The appraisal of motor vehicle accidents being the 3rd cause of decease and disablement by 2020 can alter by so if more safety criterions and plans are issued. Federal and State Government It can take a batch to forestall motor vehicle accidents but if all criterions are regulated so fewer motor vehicle accidents will go on.
State and local authoritiess have enacted and enforced Torahs that affect motor-vehicle and main road safety. driver licensing and proving. vehicle reviews. and traffic regulations” ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. parity. 5 ) . The federal and province authorities should go on to play a function in forestalling motor vehicle accidents. If the federal and province authorities does non play a function in motor vehicle safety so there will be more hurts from accidents. The lone ground why there has been a decrease in motor vehicle accidents is because of the criterions regulated by federal and province authoritiess.