Today, there are many diverse faiths in America with really different beliefs. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Puritanism was the chief faith for a big group of colonists in New England. During this clip period, the position of God as the Godhead of the Earth was the prevailing focal point of these faiths. Slowly, over clip, new thoughts started to emerge. Deism became a new belief that seemed to be a more sensible Christianity. Whether or non God is actively a portion in the mundane life of a individual is what separates Puritanism from Deism. The positions of God between Puritanism and Deism are similar and different, and their position of human nature based on this position can be seen through different pieces of literature from that clip period.
Puritanism began when English Protestants thought they needed to sublimate the Church of England. They felt like England was droping and thought they needed a safety someplace else. This led to some people settling the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Puritans believe that because of the original wickedness, due to Adam and Eve, all worlds are damned for infinity. However, due to the clemency of God, God has allowed some worlds to be saved by Jesus. This is the accelerator for their major belief in predestination. This is the thought that a individual can non take his or her ain fate, and that God has already decided whether or non each individual will be saved. Each person is full of wickedness and has no control over their destiny, because God chooses a individual ‘s redemption. Therefore, Puritans view God as being really active in their mundane life and being in control of everything that happens to them. They view God as wroth and invariably proving people because they need to turn out to Him that they are non iniquitous. Everything that happens to them is a trial by God. If something good happens in their life, God is honoring them. Similarly, if something bad happens, so God is penalizing them. They believe God puts them through tests so that they can larn lessons, which makes their religion for Him grow stronger. This is of import to them because it shows that God still cares about them. They believe that God still loves them and will acquire them through any troubles.
Deism came approximately as a consequence of new believing during the Enlightenment. They believe that God exists, but do non believe of Him as the Christian God. They besides believe that Jesus was a wise adult male, but non the Jesus. In add-on, they think that the Bible is largely fabrications because it does non follow natural jurisprudence. Although they think God is almighty and the Godhead of the existence, they believe that God does non hold a relationship with the universe. Therefore, God is non active in their mundane life. Their belief is that he created the universe, but so left humanity to run on its ain. They have an optimistic mentality on life. They think that they are peers with God and that they are capable of making good things. Their idea is that God put them on the Earth to populate by larning from how things run, and to work to do them better. They believe it is of import to populate moral lives and follow their values. Deists think they should be making good work because they will be judged by it. Their beginning of immorality is disregarding their responsibilities and acquiring excessively involved in their desires. There is a common thought that people need to larn how to decently populate so the universe runs right. If bad things are go oning, so something is incorrect. This means people need to calculate out what it is and seek to work out the job. Deists believe that things happen because they make them go on and that God is non in control of these events. They think the universe should be a better topographic point, as near to hone as it can be. Thus, people need to see what is incorrect in the universe and figure out how they can better their ain lives and humanity.
The beliefs of Puritans and freethinkers can be seen as similar, yet really different. They are similar in that they both believe in a God that created the universe. He is an almighty God. However, the two faiths differ in how they view God. Puritans view God as wroth and in control over each individual ‘s destiny. The freethinkers view God as ab initio all-good and dethatched from the function he plays in person ‘s life. The Puritans believe in predestination and that they have no control over their pick of redemption, because every individual is full of wickedness. Deism believes in the pick of taking to make good work and that people choose to populate the manner that they do.
The Puritan ‘s position of human nature is cardinal facet in understanding how they lived their lives. Since they believed that they were all corrupted by original wickedness and it is predestined by God who will be saved, they felt they had to populate their lives as sin free as possible. They thought life should be God centered and so should authorities. This is apparent with the illustration of Winthrop and how the people reelected about every twelvemonth from 1630 until his decease in 1649 ( Winthrop 1 ) . Winthrop thought it was of import for swayers to be elected to do certain that people are populating they manner that God wants them to. He believes that he was given authorization by God to regulate people and judge their causes by the regulations of God ‘s Torahs. In parts of the transition from one of his addresss, the reader can derive some penetration into some of the ways the Puritans thought they should populate their lives. He talks about natural autonomy which is how all people are iniquitous and it is the lone thing they are capable of. This is seen as bad and people should seek to repress it. The other autonomy he talks approximately is civil autonomy, which is besides known as moral autonomy. This autonomy is about being willing to subject to a higher authorization. He believes this is what people should stand for. The fact that he was reelected so many times shows that the bulk of people during that clip believed what he said and wanted to follow by his words. The verse form, “ The Day of Doom ” by Wigglesworth, is another piece of literature that was really popular among the Puritans. It shows merely how much the Puritans believed they were all evildoers. It besides shows how their position of God was that He was wroth and traveling to penalize them by directing them to Hell. The few foreordained people to be saved were highly lucky. The usage of it would do them seek to populate their lives every bit good as possible, even though they have no control over their destiny. The narratives by John Dane and Mary Rowlandson are other illustrations of Puritanism beliefs. Dane negotiations about a WASP sting and how it was a penalty from God for non traveling to church. Rowlandson negotiations about her gaining control during an Indian foray and the troubles she had to travel through. After each of their experiences, they learn a lesson and it reinforces their belief to trust on God. This shows how Puritans believe God puts them through tests and they must make the right thing or suffer. A reader can construe from their narratives that the Bible was really of import in the mundane life of a Puritan. It shows how Puritans think all of the replies they need are in the Bible. These texts allow people to see how serious Puritans were about their faith. They believed all worlds were corrupted by original wickedness and God was proving them mundane.
Deists believed they had to seek and hone human nature. One illustration of the Deist position is from Benjamin Franklin ‘s booklet and his narratives. The positions stated in this booklet are much different from the Calvinist positions Franklin was raised with. At first, Franklin believes that there is an all-good, powerful God who created the existence. Since He is all almighty nil can travel against it without His consent. Therefore, immoralities can non be. Besides, pleasance and hurting balance each other out, which mean there is no demand to conceive of an hereafter ( Franklin 7 ) . After printing this, he decides the philosophy is still true, but realizes it is non utile. Franklin wants to set his beliefs into actions, so he creates a list of virtuousnesss to do it more practical. He wants to be morally perfect, which goes along with the deist position of humanity nisus to be perfect. He believes this is the manner to make it, because he knows what is right and incorrect, and can see when he makes a bad determination. Franklin besides follows his belief of human betterment throughout his life. This leads to many of import innovations. Through Franklin ‘s narratives and experiences, people can see the manner of life of one Deist.
The ways Puritans lived was much different from the Deist life. Puritans believe that God predestined who is traveling to be saved and who is non. They believe they have no control over their redemption. They know they should still go on to populate without wickedness, because even though they can non alter their fate, transgressing can do things worse. Deists, unlike Puritans, believe they can better humanity. They think God left them to run their lives the manner they choose. They believe it is of import to seek to assist humanity go a better topographic point and they think it is each individual ‘s duty to make this.
During this changing clip in history, old faiths and ways of life started to alter, as good. Puritanism was a chief faith that had a distinguishable set of positions. They believe that worlds are all corrupted due to original wickedness and it is predestined who is and is non saved. They believe it is a miracle that God is willing to salvage any individual at all. They view God as wroth and believe he is ever proving and penalizing people. For them, there is no good in human nature. Old Hagiographas from Puritans show how to a great extent their thought of wickedness and tests from God impacts their mundane life. Even with the penalties God gives them, they believe this is God ‘s manner of demoing he still cares and it makes their faith grow stronger. Deism was a new thought that evolved with the more thought people put into faith. It became a more sensible position of Christianity. They believe that God is all-good and has left humanity to run itself. It is up to people to make good work and to seek to make moral flawlessness. If bad things are go oning, so something is non right and people need to seek and repair it. The positions of Deism can be seen in Franklin ‘s Hagiographas about his ain life and his efforts to keep his values. Though it may look that Puritanism and Deism are more different than likewise, both follow their beliefs purely and strive to populate life harmonizing to them.