The Agricultural Act of 2014
The Agricultural Act of 2014 ( besides known as The Food Stamp Program ) was passed on February 4Thursday2014. In the United States people with a gross income up to 130 per centum of the federal poorness line may measure up to have SNAP benefits. The nutrient cast plan has seen many alterations since its debut during the Great Depression. Even though the plan has seen many alterations throughout its history one thing remains the same, kids are the largest population that straight benefit from the nutrient cast plan. In the United States, over 16 million kids live in food-insecure families ( “Feeding America, ” 2014 ) .
Up until 1932 issues sing nutrient insecurity were handled through charities and local communities. The federal authorities did non take part in or play a direct function sing nutrient insecurity in the United States. During the Great Depression the authorities purchased excess wheat from husbandmans. The authorities would hive away the excess wheat in warehouses at the same clip many American households were traveling hungry. Many people believed that “giving” nutrient off would sabotage America’s long-standing “work ethic” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.nal.usda.gov )
In 1932 the Federal Government authorized the Red Cross to administer wheat that had been purchased by the authorities in response to the excess. In 1933 the Federal Surplus Relief Corporation ( FSRC ) in the hopes to alleviate the adversities that many Americans were confronting. The FSRC would buy, shop, and procedure agribusiness merchandises that were in excess. The creative activity of corporation was a polar turning point in the direct relationship the authorities would play with nutrient aid in old ages to follow. It was hard for the authorities to make up one’s mind what was in excess sometimes and there were instances of people having “luxury” points such as butter and fresh fruits. This angered some Americans, they were non happy with people eating better than they were who were having authorities aid ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.snaptohealth.org ) .
In 1939 The Food Stamp Program was initiated under the disposal of Franklin D. Roosevelt as portion of the New Deal. The plan participants purchased orange brochures that would let them to purchase nutrient and certain family points. The participants would so have blue casts that they could utilize to purchase points that were in excess. The participants had to purchase casts to see that the money allocated to them was being used on nutrient. This plan ended in 1943 when the figure of people populating in poorness decreased.
President John F Kennedy reintroduced the Food Stamp Program in 1961. The pilot plans that were in topographic point still required persons to buy nutrient casts, they eliminated participant’s ability to buy particular casts for excess nutrient ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.snaptohealth.org ) . The Food Stamp Act of 1964 passed as portion of the Great Society Program during President Lyndon Johnson’s disposal. The end of this plan was to accomplish a more effectual usage of excess nutrients, better the degrees of nutrition for the receivers, and agricultural economic system. The Economy Food Plan would specify what a nutritionally equal diet was and the participants could so buy those points at a lower cost. The plan was funded by the federal authorities and licensed retail merchants. The province authorized appliers and distributed the benefits among those who qualified. This statute law prohibited favoritism based on faith, race, natural beginning or political association.
In 1977 The Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 included a proviso to let the purchase of seeds to turn nutrients. In 1977 there were immense alterations made to the Food Stamp Act. One of the major alterations was the riddance of the demand for participants to buy the casts. The alterations that occurred allowed the plan to make minority communities and the federal authorities provided more support at the province degree. During the early 1980’s the Food Stamp Program experienced major budget cuts during the Reagan disposal and this led to a important rise in hungriness in the 1980’s. In 1981 the nutritionary instruction plan was started. The plan SNAP-Ed was established as an optional plan in the provinces. The federal authorities provided fiting financess to present nutrition instruction to eligible people. By 2004 every province was implementing a nutritionary instruction plan.
During the late 1980’s and early 1990’s the United States was sing a major hungriness crisis. The Food Stamp Program received support and the plan switched to the Electronic Benefit Transfer. With the new electronic system participants were given a card they could utilize that had their nutrient cast balance on it. In the late 1990’s the plan received buts and the support was converted into block grants. The block grants were given to the provinces, the demands for the plan changed and made it harder for people to have the benefits.
In the early 2000’s The Food Stamp Program saw important alteration and with the full execution of the EBT cards. Engagement was increased and eligibility was extended to qualified immigrants and kids over 18 old ages old. The EBT cards helped cut down the sum of plan fraud and helped the procedure for the participants. The cards helped cut down the stigma that had become attached to people utilizing nutrient casts.
Over the last 20 old ages legislators have tried to put an accents on nutrition with The Food Stamp Program. There have been great attempts in doing it easier for participants to buy nutrient from farmer’s markets and other retail shops that sell fresh, and healthy nutrients. Today, The Food Stamp Program is the largest nutrient aid plan in the state. The argument on which nutrients can be purchased with the EBT card is ongoing. The Program serves more than 45 million Americans each twelvemonth and is a critical safety cyberspace for many households in the United States.
GROUPS RECEIVING FOOD STAMPS
There are many myths about who receives nutrient casts, how much they get each month what the demands are to be eligible. Very big parts of eligible citizens do non have nutrient casts. They may be unaware of the service and they may be ashamed. A quotation mark from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.mannafoodbank.org/hunger-101/fns-facts-myths/ provinces “76 % ofFNS families include a kid, an aged individual, or a handicapped individual – the most vulnerable in our society. These families receive 83 % of all FNSbenefits. Many measure uping households include full-time workers at low pay jobs.” ( www.mannafoodbank.org. )
From the beginning of The Food Stamp Policy there have been many who criticize The Food Stamp Program. Mostly conservatives believe that the plan promotes authorities dependence and discourages people from working. Those who oppose nutrient casts argue that the plan promotes laziness, hinders economic growing, they believe the plan emphasizes registration over demand ( freedomworks.org ) . There are many who think the authorities should hold more of a say with what people are allowed to buy on nutrient casts. They have proposed puting the plan up similar to the WIC aid plan. WIC offers verifiers for specific nutrient for adult females, babies and kids. The verifiers are given out based on eligibility.
Need FOR REFORM
The argument over nutrient casts has ever been a hot subject in political relations. I have late been given the chance to personally research my ideas associating to The Food Stamp Program. As a individual female parent I have in the past and presently receive nutrient casts. Until this last twelvemonth I truly did non recognize how interrupt the system is. I am thankful for all of the attempts that have been put away over the last one hundred old ages in respects to nutrient aid here in the United States. As I was making my research I had many different reactions to the history of The Food Stamp Program. I have ever thought there should be more ordinances on what can be purchased with nutrient casts because I have been guilty myself of buying things that were unhealthy. Even though I thought it would profit the receivers I understood why it has non happened. If you have a household of four that you have to feed for one hebdomad you have to do the determination to purchase less nutrient and do it healthy, or you can buy a larger measure of nutrient that is cheaper in nutritionary value. The truth is people are hungering, kids are hungering, fleshiness is lifting due to miss of nutrition, and poorness isn’t traveling anyplace any clip shortly.
The discouraging truth is the authorities has had alternate dockets from twenty-four hours one in respects to nutrient aid. In the history part I mentioned that the first plan where the authorities used federal money to buy excess harvests and disperse among the needy was truly a response to the agricultural demand for the authorities to assist the husbandmans. This made me believe critically approximately why there is such a gulf with the Food Stamp Program and the citizens who receive the support, the people who are opposed, the people who are for the plan, and reasonably much anyone that lives in the United States. The plan wasn’t started with our authorities reacting to the societal demand. The authorities was reacting to agricultural demands and monetarily demands of husbandmans.
For things to alter we need to get down from the beginning. We need the authorities to halt support and assisting the harvests that are the most related to unhealthy nutrient production. If the authorities supported local husbandmans, organic green goods and local merchandisers the system could be really different. We need to travel back to the beginning and back up the production of healthy nutrient. The United States needs to calculate out a manner to do healthy nutrient the cheaper option. We are paying for the unhealthy nutrient in footings of medical costs for those insured through authorities plans. We as revenue enhancement remunerators pay for the exigency room visits. We are giving our wellness as a state and we have forgot what is of import. I propose we merely take a expression and see what things we could alter. Even if you start in your local community by assisting with the community garden. If you support local husbandmans and husbandmans market that is a great topographic point to get down. We need to measure how the system is working and the ways is neglecting. We can make much better than this and I believe we will.
Cost TO IMPLEMENT
SNAP benefits cost $ 74.1 billion in 2014 and supplied over 46 million Americans with an norm of $ 125.35 per month per individual in nutrient aid. The SNAP plan is the largest nutrition plan in the United States. ( http: //www.fns.usda.gov/pd/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap )
Child Hunger. ( n.d. ) . Retrieved April 10, 2015, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.feedingamerica.org/hunger-in-america/impact-of-hunger/child-hunger/