Harmonizing to The Levine Institute ( 2013 ) . the term globalisation can be defined as “a procedure of interaction and integrating among the people. companies. and authoritiess of different states. ” Globalization and modernisation have been happening for 1000s of old ages around the universe. This can be farther explained as the influence that modern states have on non-developed states and civilizations. The influences that modern states have can either be related to direct or indirect contact. Both globalisation and modernisation can hold positive and negative impacts on cultural patterns. The intent of this paper is to analyse the effects of globalisation on native non-Western cultural patterns.
Some illustrations of globalisation on native non-Western cultural patterns include the influence of overseas telegram telecasting in India. the flourishing commercialism in China. and the factor that globalisation has played in South Korea’s growing and economic success. While some have had success and felt positive economic effects of globalisation. the influence of telecasting in India may hold negatively impacted the antecedently spiritual and religious cultural that existed before the globalisation period. This cultural displacement in India was influenced partly by the World Trade Organization. The World Trade Organization assisted in take downing import revenue enhancements which allowed India to economically profit by being able to bring forth merchandises at a much reduced monetary value for the American consumers.
The cultural in India significantly changed during this period and while it was antecedently uncommon to see unrelated adult females and work forces populating together before the economic displacement. it is presently common pattern. The economic displacement that was directed related to globalisation may hold besides been responsible for accidentally act uponing an addition in force over the past decennary. Another illustration of globalisation takes topographic point in Japan. When McDonald’s eating house foremost came to Japan in May 1971. a phenomenon was created by presenting the construct of Western “fast food” to a foreign state ( Chang. 2011 ) . Before the debut of McDonald’s. Japan cultural had centered on household nutrient readying and rites. such as obento.
Obento is prepared by Nipponese female parents and “The tradition becomes portion of the societal instruction of both parent and kid and creates a connexion between place and school for a youngster’s earliest raids off from family” ( Gordon. 2005 ) . Nipponese female parents would pass about an hr crafting the elaborate obento for their kid to take to school every twenty-four hours. Teachers would judge the obento and guarantee that specific regulations were followed during the crafting of the repast. such as the nutrient being every bit handmade as possible. appetizing. and aesthetically appealing ( Gordon. 2005 ) .
In Japan. obento symbolized the mother’s duty to nutrient readying and a child’s duty to instruction. The debut of McDonald’s took some clip to distribute in Japan but cleaver selling schemes aided in altering the face of fast nutrient. Harmonizing to Chang ( 2011 ) . “McDonald’s marketed as a fashionable topographic point to travel to with household and friends. They have besides included particular bill of fares for Nipponese clients such as American regional Burgers and teriyaki Burgers. ” McDonald’s besides added a assortment of alone playthings that were specific to the Nipponese civilization in kid’s happy repasts. Since the debut of fast nutrient. Japan’s fleshiness rates have risen enormously.
The manager of the Drug Discovery Research Center at Kyoto University. Gozoh Tsujimoto. blames Westernized fast nutrient for Nipponese fleshiness rates lifting threefold from 1962 to 2002 ( Hooper. 2012 ) . Tsujimoto attributes the 20 % Nipponese fleshiness evaluation related to “Lifestyle factors have become Westernized. Especially. nutrient has become Westernized – and chiefly high-calorie and high fat” ( Hooper. 2012 ) . McDonald’s now has over 3. 300 eating houses in Japan. which is the largest figure of shops outside of the United States ( Chang. 2011 ) . In add-on to fleshiness and nutrient readying patterns. the debut of fast nutrient in Japan has besides caused a big addition in the ingestion of ruddy meat.
The older and younger coevalss in Japan responded otherwise to the influence of fast nutrient. The older coevalss continue to eat at place more frequently. nevertheless. the younger coevalss continue to eat out more and they have shown an addition in wellness issues. such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome ( Hooper. 2012 ) . While some professionals continue to fault the direct influence of Westernization for these unwilled wellness concerns. globalisation is ineluctable and can impact a civilization both positively and negatively. Japan has positively benefitted from globalisation in ways of technological progresss and cars but possibly was negatively affected by the phenomenon of fast nutrient.
Globalization is controversial. Harmonizing to The Levine Institute ( 2013 ) . “Proponents of globalisation argue that it allows hapless states and their citizens to develop economically and raise their criterions of life. ” Globalization in India greatly helped the economic system but possibly ache the values of the cultural. However. oppositions of globalisation argue “that the creative activity of an unchained international free market has benefited transnational corporations in the Western universe at the disbursal of local endeavors. local civilizations. and common people” ( The Levine Institute. 2013 ) . Globalization is affected by many variables such as age. household. faith. and engineering. Whether it is knowing or unwilled. direct or indirect. planned or non planned. happening the right balance to supply positive effects is hard.
Chang. S. ( 2011 ) . McDonald’s in Japan. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //apanews. Si. edu/2011/09/20/mcdonalds-in-japan/ Gordon. M. ( 2005 ) . Obento. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. phosphate buffer solution. org/opb/meaningoffood/food_and_family/obento/ Hooper. R. ( 2012 ) . Fleshiness on the rise as Nipponese eat more Western-style nutrient. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. japantimes. co. jp/news/2012/03/11/national/obesity-on-the-rise-as-japanese-eat-more-western-style-food/ # . UmFqEvlJN1I The Levin Institute. ( 2013 ) . What is globalisation? Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. globalization101. org/what-is-globalization