Young Person Has Been Or Is At Risk Social Work Essay

Child disregard is a form of neglecting to supply for a kid ‘s basic demands, whether it is equal nutrient, vesture, hygiene, or supervising ( Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998. ( NSW ) . Sect. 228.14 ; Tang, 2008 & A ; Tomison, 1995 ) . Both kids in the instance survey have experienced episodes of non holding an equal sum ( if any ) of nutrient to eat. This is apparent through their consistent scavenging in bins and under benches for nutrient and by their behavior when nutrient was brought to them ( the dividing of the sandwiches into four tonss, eating one batch each and salvaging the remainder ) .

These kids are traveling to school dressed unsuitably for the conditions by have oning jerseies and trunkss in cold conditions which can bespeak neglect and are frequently at school either really early or remaining on after the school twenty-four hours has ended which can jeopardize the kids ‘s safety and wellbeing ( Tomison, 1995 ) . The overall behavior, actions and general well-being of the kids can be all strong indexs of disregard ; the deficiency of nutrient, hapless wellness ( scabs, whiffing, sore eyes ) and array of ‘excuses ‘ in response to the legion incidents that lead them to the principal ‘s office both by the kids themselves and the female parent.

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What possible actions should be taken by household to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

As suggest by Roditti ( 2005 ) disregard is multicasual behavior with many factors including parental behavior and state of affairss that need to be taken in consideration when covering with disregard. The parents may hold a figure of issues which can include: mental wellness issues ( may possibly be apparent by the behavior of the female parent as witnessed by the clerk of the school ) , disablements, domestic force, poorness, societal isolation or depression, all of which may do it hard to care adequately for their kids and be unable to clearly comprehend the kids ‘s demands. The parents may necessitate aid in footings of parental accomplishments, fiscal aid i.e. budgeting and possible drug rehabilitation ( working in the ‘plant shed ‘ could bespeak marijuana use ) .

It is of import to acquire aid for the parents so in the short to medium term, in the best involvements of the kids, it may necessitate holding them stay with other household members or enter foster attention while the parents develop the accomplishments and derive the resources they need to run into their kids ‘s basic demands and wellbeing. This household could furthermore benefit from holding a instance worker either from a authorities or non-government administration appointed to supervise the state of affairs and supply aid where required.

What possible actions should be taken by the identified professionals and/or bureaus to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The deputy rule should hold, after the first incident, accessed the school records to see if they contain any relevant information sing the kids ( four school alterations in 12 months could be a cardinal index of a job ) .

The deputy rule and the instructors are all compulsory newsmans and as such should be cognizant of the policies and processs sing kid disregard in NSW which states that when the basic physical or psychological demands of the kid or immature individual are non being met ( neglect ) presentment should be made to the Department of Family and Community services ( DoFCS ) . Within the guidelines for compulsory coverage there is a determination tree in which staff are able to happen the information in respects to the suspected disregard of the kids and how to travel about doing a presentment. The Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998 religious order 23 ( degree Celsius ) states that

a kid or immature individual is “ at hazard of important injury ” if current concerns exist for the safety, public assistance or wellbeing of the kid or immature individual because of the presence, to a important extent the kid or immature individual has been, or is at hazard of being, physically or sexually abused or abused

Is there any extra information that would change your position of this state of affairs and in what ways?

No – the instance survey suggests to me that the kids have been capable to child disregard over a long period of clip and the failure in the responsibility of attention by the school by non inciting a presentment to DoFCS after the first incident, ( the kids had been at the school for seven hebdomads and been to the office on three other occasions all sing incidents about nutrient ) is unacceptable. The kids exhibited many of the behaviors and indexs that the web site of DoFCS contains about kid disregard ; peculiarly the key indexs which are broken down into age groups and the information is all easy accessible if any of the staff had uncertainties about the disregard. Reporting concerns about a kid or immature individual ‘s safety or well-being is an of import measure in forestalling or halting the maltreatment and protecting kids from farther injury ( DoFCS, 2012 ) .

Mentions:

Australasian Legal Information Institute. ( 2012 ) . Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998. ( NSW ) s 228.14. Retrieved from www.austlii.edu.au/

Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act ( NSW ) 1998.s 23. ( degree Celsius ) Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.austlii.edu.au/

Barber, N. ( 2005 ) . Case Study A. Retrieved July 15, 2012, from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/access/content/group/HCS205_201260_W_D/Case % 20Study % 20 Vignettes/Case % 20Study % 202

Department of Family and Community Services. ( 2012 ) . Compulsory study usher. Retrieved from www.community.nsw.gov.au

Disregard: Key issues. ( 2007 ) . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.community.nsw.gov.au/docswr/_assets/main/documents/researchnotes_neglect_k ey_issues.pdf

Roditti, M. G. ( 2005 ) . Understanding Communities of Inattentive Parents: Child Caregiving Networks and Child Neglect. Child Welfare, 84 ( 2 ) , 277.

Tang, C. ( 2008 ) . Working toward a conceptual definition of kid disregard. Retrieved July 18, 2012, from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/HCS205_201260_W_D/page/4a8559f1-6c22- 4527-0015-da5f33f13072

Tomison, A. ( 1995 ) Spotlight on Child Neglect. Retrieved July 18, 2012, from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/HCS205_201260_W_D/page/4a8559f1-6c22- 4527-0015-da5f33f13072

Case Study B

John and Josh

Do you believe the child/young individual has been or is at hazard of maltreatment and how did you make that decision?

I believe both the kids in instance survey B ( Barber, 2005 ) are being physically and emotional abused. For a 5 twelvemonth kid to be so quiet when enduring a awful manus hurt rings dismay bells for me that this may non be the first clip this kid has been injured. The kid frights being touched ( goes stiff, has a hostile reaction to being held by a nurse ) and exhibits small to no emotion ( deficiency of separation anxiousness in a immature kid, deficiency of look of hurting ) for a kid whose manus has been shut or jammed in a auto door. There appears to be a deficiency of trust from the kids towards the staff members which can bespeak that maltreatment may be taking topographic point ( Department of Family and Community Services, ( DoFCS ) , 2012 ) .

The behavior of the male parent ( being agitated and demoing ill will towards staff and the kids ) and by the injured kid ( denoting that the female parent slammed the auto door, dropping of his caput when male parent entered cell ) are indexs that physical maltreatment may be happening within the place environment, even the absence of the female parent go toing the infirmary can be interpreted as an index that maltreatment is or has been go oning with these kids.

Wordss are a powerful tool used to commit emotional maltreatment and as stated by Tucci, Saunders, & A ; Goddard, ( 2002 ) they are used to minimize, ridicule and spurn kids ; words are merely every bit painful to a kid as physical hurting. Emotional maltreatment and even possible disregard are apparent within this instance survey with the male parent being absent from the cell go forthing the injured kid entirely until the medical staff arrived, the male parent shouting at the older kid that he is a prevaricator, it ‘s his ain mistake, stating him to close up and endangering to ‘teach him a lesson excessively ‘ ( Barber, 2005 ) and by the small to no physical contact by the male parent to the injured kid in offering comfort and reassurance. A common feature of disregard as stated by Gough & A ; Stanley ( 2007 ) is high unfavorable judgment and low heat.

What possible actions should be taken by household to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The household may possibly profit from reding to turn to any issues the household may be sing ( anger issues, anxiousness from upcoming birth of 3rd kid ) .

In the short to medium term a instance worker either from a authorities or non-government administration should be appointed to this household to supervise the state of affairs and supply any necessary aid ( rearing categories, accident bar information ) .

What possible actions should be taken by the identified professionals and/or bureaus to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998 religious order 23 ( degree Celsius ) states that

a kid or immature individual is “ at hazard of important injury ” if current concerns exist for the safety, public assistance or wellbeing of the kid or immature individual because of the presence, to a important extent the kid or immature individual has been, or is at hazard of being, physically or sexually abused or abused.

The physician and the nurse as compulsory newsmans in NSW should take the necessary stairss to do a presentment to DoCFS refering the possible physical and emotional maltreatment of these kids. The paediatric and orthopedic audiences may good supply grounds of physical maltreatment doing it paramount to bring forth a presentment to DoCFS.

Is there any extra information that would change your position of this state of affairs and in what ways?

No – even if the kid is accident prone there are still a figure of indictors within the instance survey to mean these kids are or may be at hazard of physical and emotional injury and should be reported to DoCFS irrespective.

Mentions

Australasian Legal Information Institute. ( 2012 ) . Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act ( NSW ) 1998.s 23. ( degree Celsius ) Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.austlii.edu.au/

Barber, N. ( 2005 ) . Case Study B. Retrieved July 15, 2012 from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/access/content/group/HCS205_201260_W_D/Case % 20Study % 20 Vignettes/Case % 20Study % 202

Department of Family and Community Services. ( 2012 ) . Preventing child maltreatment and disregard. Retrieved from www.community.nsw.gov.au

Compulsory study usher. Retrieved from www.community.nsw.gov.au

Gough, D. , & A ; Stanley, N. ( 2007 ) . Policy, pattern and determination devising in kid disregard. Child Abuse Review, 16 ( 2 ) , 71-73. Retrieved August 20, 2012 from Charles Sturt University website hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/HCS205_201260_W_D/page/4a8559f1-6c22-4527-0015- da5f33f13072

Tucci, J. Saunders, B. , & A ; Goddard, C. ( 2002 ) Please do n’t hit me – community attitudes towards the ‘physical subject ‘of kids. Retrieved July 30, 2012 from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/portal/site/HCS205_201260_W_D/page/4a8559f1-6c22-4527-0015- da5f33f13072

Case Study C

Dianne

Do you believe the child/young individual has been or is at hazard of maltreatment and how did you make that decision?

The instance survey ( Barber, 2005 ) may good bespeak that the kid could be sing normal hormonal alterations of adolescence but I regard it to moreover demo a strong bunch of indictors that sexual maltreatment has been or is at hazard of happening within the place of the 11 twelvemonth old kid.

As indicated by Barber ( 2012 ) and the Department of Family and Community Services ( DoFCS ) information in 2006/2007, sexual maltreatment can be a individual event or a sustained form of interaction over clip and is more likely to be committed by a individual known to the kid. Due to the preparing behavior of most culprits of sexual abuse the kid may be sing a broad scope of emotions such as confusion, fright ( the male parent may hold threatened to harm her or her female parent if she tells anyone ) , faulting herself for what is go oning and by believing what is happening is normal behavior ; is afraid to speak to her female parent or anyone else about it although she does shows marks of desiring to.

Something every bit simple as the nestles incompatibility statements for me indicates possible maltreatment for this kid ; the female parent negotiations of the kid ever desiring nestles from her and non the male parent but on the other manus the male parent contradicts the female parents statement when he talks about running after the kid all the clip for narratives, nestles etc. when the female parent is absent.

The kid is invariably ill with tummy disturbances, is losing school and has reverted back to babyish behavior ( clingy and baby gibberish talk ) . The kid ‘s behavior has besides changed where she now seeks confidence and physical contact from her female parent and ne’er the male parent ( she was one time a ‘daddy ‘s miss ‘ ) . The indicant that the kid has a alteration in attitude about the female parent working at dark and on weekends and the incidents of the female parent hearing the kid shortness of breath at dark can be interpreted as a mark that maltreatment is or has been happening.

Other marks that sexual maltreatment is or could be taking topographic point include the male parents reactions to the kid protection categories ( got in miff about them ‘encouraging that kind of behavior ‘ ) but for me it was the more specific mentioning by the male parent about “ halting parents making what they think is best for their kids ” ( this might be seen as his loss of control over his kid ) , the male parents reaction when the friend mentioned male childs and parties he merely stared at the friend alternatively of responding in his usual ‘jokey blokey ‘ mode and that at times the male parent slumber in the invitee room ( Barber, 2005 ) .

What possible actions should be taken by household to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The household could profit from household reding to discourse issues ( female parent working at dark ) and increase the chances for communicating but more significantly the kid would profit from either seeing a psychologist or to have guidance as she has antecedently shown marks of desiring to speak to person ( the female parents ‘ friend ) . The friend could near the kid and allow her cognize she is available at any clip if she would wish hold a friendly confab and if the friend has any intuitions of sexual maltreatment she is able to do a presentment to DoFCS in NSW. The female parent should allow for the kid to go to the kid protection classes to enable her to be better informed on the issue and this may give her the bravery to talk up if she believes this is what is go oning to her. Harmonizing to Walsh, Brandon, & A ; Chirio, ( 2012 ) female parents are more likely to let for engagement in sexual maltreatment bar plans.

What possible actions should be taken by the identified professionals and/or bureaus to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The physician identified in this instance survey may perchance mention the kid onto a psychologist as he believed her jobs could be emotional and non medical. Possible indexs for the physician to surmise something is incorrect are the kid ‘s response to obtaining a urine sample and the frequence of visits for the same ailment. These ‘clues ‘ could justify the physician to see the DoFCS in NSW compulsory newsmans guidelines and follow the determination tree to find if a presentment is required. The Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998 religious order 23 ( degree Celsius ) states that

a kid or immature individual is “ at hazard of important injury ” if current concerns exist for the safety, public assistance or wellbeing of the kid or immature individual because of the presence, to a important extent the kid or immature individual has been, or is at hazard of being, physically or sexually abused or abused

Is there any extra information that would change your position of this state of affairs and in what ways?

No – unless the kid disclosures to person about being sexual abused this instance survey can merely be interpreted as possible sexual maltreatment as there is no clear grounds that sexual maltreatment is happening with this kid merely a bunch of marks that it is a possibility which would necessitate farther probe.

Mentions

Australasian Legal Information Institute. ( 2012 ) . Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act ( NSW ) 1998.s 23. ( degree Celsius ) Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.austlii.edu.au/

Barber, N. ( 2005 ) . Case Study C. Retrieved July 22, 2012 from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/access/content/group/HCS205_201260_W_D/Case % 20Study % 20 Vignettes/Case % 20Study % 202

Barber, N. ( 2012 ) . Study notes: Sexual abuse/assault. Retrieved from Charles Sturt University web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //interact.csu.edu.au/access/content/group/HCS205_201260_W_D/Topic % 202 % 20_26 % 20July % 20 % 208 % 20Aug_/Study % 20Notes/Summary % 20Notes % 20on % 20Sexual % 20Abuse

Department of Family and Community Services. ( 2012 ) . Preventing child maltreatment and disregard. Retrieved from www.community.nsw.gov.au

Child maltreatment and neglect informations ( 2006/2007 ) retrieved from www.community.nsw.gov.au

Walsh, K. , Brandon, L. , & A ; Chirio, L. ( 2012 ) .Mother-child communicating about sexual maltreatment bar. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 21 ( 4 ) P 399-421. DOI:10.1080/10538712.2012.675424

Case Study D

Simon

Do you believe the child/young individual has been or is at hazard of maltreatment and how did you make that decision?

Rivett, & A ; Kelly, ( 2006 ) define domestic force as a term used to depict force between current or former spouses in an confidant relationship. This force may include physical, sexual, emotional or fiscal maltreatment. I deem that the immature individual in the instance survey ( Barber, 2005 ) is being subjected to domestic force. Section 23 of the Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998 ( NSW ) states that a kid or immature individual is at hazard of important injury if they are populating in a family where there have been incidents of domestic force.

While there is no grounds contained within the instance survey of physical domestic force within the place environment there are indexs of the other facets in the definition of domestic force including psychological injury to this immature individual. Psychological injury can happen when a kid is exposed to chronic or severe domestic force, to behaviours that are relentless and insistent ( Department of Family and Community Services, ( DoCFS ) , 2012 ) .

The immature individual systematically hears his measure father name his female parent names and the measure male parent has suggested to the immature individual that he is the ground his male parent left was due to his ‘whinging ‘ when he was younger, the immature individual believes the things that are happening within the place are his full mistake.

The household in the instance survey are being subjected to emotional maltreatment from the measure male parent ‘s behavior. Indexs of emotional maltreatment by the measure father include the shouting at the female parent, the menaces of maltreatment if the immature individual attempts to help his female parent and the exclusion of the immature individual when the measure male parent references household. The female parent shows indicants that she accepts the behavior and may even be portion of the emotional maltreatment of the immature individual by her remark ‘or else ‘ , this can be seen as either a simple off the cuff remark or something with more negative intensions.

What possible actions should be taken by household to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The household could profit from household reding to reconnect and re-establish the relationships they had before the matrimony and to supply the chance for communicating. Marriage counsel guidance could besides help the female parent and stepfathers relationship. The stepfather and the immature individual could profit from go toing squad edifice and bonding exercisings together. The measure father should go to choler direction classs to larn ways to incorporate and command his choler.

I consider this instance survey to demo indicants of domestic force and a instance worker either from a authorities or non-government administration should be appointed to this household to supervise the state of affairs. If the state of affairs escalates the female parent and should take herself and the kids from the place and seek any necessary aid ( adult females ‘s safety, fiscal, constabulary, tribunals ) .

What possible actions should be taken by the identified professionals and/or bureaus to protect the child/young individual from farther maltreatment in the short to medium term?

The psychologist that the immature individual is seeing may perchance do a presentment to DoFCS in NSW if he deems the immature individual is at hazard of injury. The Children and Young Persons ( Care and Protection ) Act 1998 religious order 23 ( degree Celsius ) states that

a kid or immature individual is “ at hazard of important injury ” if current concerns exist for the safety, public assistance or wellbeing of the kid or immature individual because of the presence, to a important extent the kid or immature individual has been, or is at hazard of being, physically or sexually abused or abused

Is there any extra information that would change your position of this state of affairs and in what ways?

Yes farther background information on the immature individual ‘s male parent to demo any indexs of domestic force in the yesteryear, although the information would hold played no portion of my judgment that emotional and psychological injury are presently happening for this immature individual.

I believe this information could turn out of import to a grade when sing the possible actions for the household and the professionals in the instance survey and what I would propose. If there was grounds to bespeak domestic force has occurred antecedently in the immature individual ‘s life I would urge that the female parent and her kids leave the place to interrupt away from the domestic force rhythm and supply them with the information they need to obtain any aid they require.

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